Name: Carl Ludwig Blume.

9 Juni 1796.
 
Geburtsort: Brunswijk.

3 Februar 1862, Leiden.

Carl Ludwig Blume, 
niederländisch Botanischer Forscher.

Ehrenmedaillen seine Weste,
der Orden von Oranje-Nassau,
Ritter im Orden des niederländischen Löwen

Facts:


C.J. Blume collected more than 3000 Species / Samples between 1819-1826 on Java.


His arrival in Java was on on 11 January 1819.

In the seven years between 1819 and 1826 C.J. Blume travelled widely into West and Central Java, as far east as Rembang, often accompanied by assistants, draughtsmen and interested persons, collecting plants and also animals; gathering information on all sorts of aspects, including themedicinal value of certain plants, inspecting epidemics, etc. ;in short he was engagedin an overall, thorough scientific exploration. An Adventure of Greatness.

 

He gathered many specimens, his herbarium specimens are still inexcellent condition.

The writing of the "Flora of Dutch Indie, Contributions of "  itself was a tremendous task,

not to mention the research and knowlegde to aquire, many of the Genere and Herbal,

Plant, Flower Species being new to science. 



More than 700 Genera and Approx. 2400 species, belonging to 170 families of plants.


With so much newly discovered Plants, it is no wonder that not all of his discovered plants where clearly indexed and designated. *Gynostemma Pedatum 1825.

The writing of the manuscript 'Flora of Dutch-Indies, Contributions of' was a tremendous task, not to mention the research done and knowlegde he had to aquire. The documented and Indexed Genera, the Plant and Flower Species, the Plant Families: All being completely new to science; This astounding achievement, is known as “The 3000 Adventures of Bloem - Scientific Exploration of Botanical Greatness”, named after the huge amounth of different Species, Gernera and Families he descriped, documented and indexed.

With so much newly discovered Botanic, it is no wonder, that a significant percentage of his newly discovered plants and flowers where not indexed in the IPNI*7.  With over 3000 New Species this would have been a life time job ! Since there where no computers, one had to write a Manuscript for every single specimen of Botanic: Every one single plant species had to be fully descriped: Plant anatomy, location where the specimen was found, hight, soil, etc, also one was expected to Draw the specimen in Flowering state, to scale; Drawings from Herbarium Specimens: One Manuscript can take up to a few days to a week; You can see the problem: When you as fanatical Botanicus find an non-index-species, yeah! you will be thrilled to mark, descripe, document, draw and index all new and unknown features, but if one has over 3000 new species to mark, descripe, document, draw and index.. 

 

Therefor a significat number of collected species where not indexed in IPNI. At least not officially, and the result is that other Botanic Researches, who did apply to IPNI, maybe even with the Data from Blume's Catalogi / Manuscripts, where able to claim the Species that where discovered, descriped AND indexed by Blume, The Manuscript and Sample of collected Species of the Island of Java confirm this. 

Please click for compare:

- 1 : It is obvious when looking to the Characteristics of the leafs in the Sample Species it is the Genus:

Blume in 1925: Gynostemma Predata,   much later (+37 year) Makino named the exact same species : 'Gynostemma Pentaphyllum'. (1902.)


 

The Next Article is the official acknowledgement of Gynostemma Pentaphyllum in 1902.

Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunberg) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 16: 179. 1902.

绞股蓝 jiao gu lan

Stem and branches slender, angular-sulcate, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Leaves pedately 3-9-foliolate, usually 5-7-foliolate, membranous or papery, pubescent or glabrous; leaflets ovate-oblong or lanceolate, median leaflets 3-12 × 1.5-4 cm, lateral leaflets smaller, both surfaces sometimes hispid, lateral veins 6-8 pairs, base attenuate, margin crenate, apex acute or shortly acuminate; petiolule 1-5 mm. Tendrils filiform, 2-fid. Male flowers in panicle; peduncle filiform, 10-15(-30) cm, many branched; pedicels filiform, 1-4 mm; bracteole subulate; calyx tube very short; segments triangular, ca. 0.7 mm, apex acute; corolla pale green or white; segments ovate-lanceolate, 2.5-3 × ca. 1 cm, 1-veined, apex long acuminate. Female flowers: panicle shorter than that of male flowers; calyx and corolla as in male flowers; ovary globose, 2- or 3-loculed; styles 3; stigmas 2-lobed; staminodes 5, short. Fruit indehiscent, black when mature, globose, 5-6 mm in diam., 2-seeded, glabrous or densely hispid and pubescent. Seeds brown, ovate-cordate, ca. 4 mm in diam., compressed, both surfaces papillose, base cordate, apex obtuse. Fl. Mar-Nov, fr. Apr-Dec.

Forests, thickets or roadsides on mountain slopes; 300-3200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, S Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, S Japan, S Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].

 

 

CJ Blume, wrote 3 articles on Gynostemma:

Gynostemma Blume, Bijdr. 23. 1825. 

1825. 1825-1827 - Flora van Nederlandsch Indie, Bijdragen tot 

绞股蓝属 jiao gu lan shu

Authors: Shukun Chen & Charles Jeffrey

Enkylia Griffith; Pestalozzia Zollinger & Moritzi; Trirostellum Z. P. Wang & Q. Z. Xie.

Herbs, perennial, scandent, glabrous or pubescent. Leaves alternate, pedate, with 3-9 leaflets, rarely simple; leaflet blade ovate-lanceolate. Tendrils bifurcate, rarely simple. Plants dioecious, rarely monoecious. Flowers unisexual, in racemes or panicles, axillary or terminal; pedicel articulate; bracteole basal. Male flower: calyx tube short, 5-lobed; segments narrowly lanceolate; corolla greenish or white, rotate, deeply 5-lobed; segments lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, involute in bud; stamens 5, inserted at base of perianth tube; filaments short, connate; anthers erect, ovoid, 2-celled, dehiscence longitudinal; connective narrow, but not extended; pollen grains globose or elliptic, longitudinally striate or smooth, dehiscent by pores; rudimentary pistil absent. Female flowers: calyx and corolla as in male flower; staminodes present; ovary globose, 2-5-locular; styles 3, rarely 2, 4, or 5, free; stigmas 2 or 1 and crescent-shaped and irregularly incised-dentate; ovules 2, pendulous in each locule. Berry globose, in form and size like a pea, or capsule, 3-lobed from top, top umbonulate or with 3 persistent long styles. Seeds 2 or 3, broadly ovate, compressed, with papillae or spiniform papillae.

About 17 species: tropical Asia to E Asia, from the Himalaya to Japan, Malaysia, and New Guinea; 14 species (nine endemic) in China.

 

Here the Original Manuscript:

 

TITLE: Bijdragen tot de FLora van Nederlandsch Indie, PAGE: 1, BLUME, 1825.

TITLE: Bijdragen tot de FLora van Nederlandsch Indie, PAGE: 1, BLUME, 1825.

Info of the Manuscript Presented:

 

Name:

Bijdragen tot de Flora van Nederlansche Indie

 

Author:

C.L. Blume MD

Published at:

Batavia (Dutch-Indies)

In the Year:

1825

BLUME_gynostemma_pedata_official_1.JPG

Description and Index of Species:

GYNOSTEMMA.

Description and Index of Sub-Species:

GYNOSTEMMA PEDATA.

Description and Index of Species:

GYNOSTEMMA.

Description and Index of Sub-Species:

GYNOSTEMMA SIMPLICIFOLIA.

GYNOSTEMMA SIMPLICIFOLIA, 1825, Blume

Above: Description & Index of Sub-Species:
 
GYNOSTEMMA SIMPLICIFOLIA.

GYNOSTEMMA SIMPLICIFOLIA.

Above: Sample of Sub-Species:

GYNOSTEMMA SIMPLICIFOLIA.

 1493 = Adminitration Number for indexing, This is the Personal Number of CJ Blume. ​ Under Adminitration 1493 is written: Gynostemma Simplicifolia,

Herb. Lugd. Batav.
Is an Indexing Method the Dutch used
in the Dutch-Indies, Herb=Herb/herbal/ Batav=Batavia.
\Natuur- en geneeskundig archief voor Neêrland's Indië,

1493 = Adminitration Number for indexing,

This is the Personal Number of CJ Blume.

Under Adminitration 1493 is written:

Gynostemma Simplicifolia,

Java.
This sample Originates from Java.

Conclusion:

Gynostemma Simplicifolium

Documented and Index in the Modern IPNI Plant Index system in 1825.

Description and Index of Sub-Species:

GYNOSTEMMA SIMPLICIFOLIA, 1825, Blume.

 

 

 

IPNI Plant Index system

IPNI List:​ Accepted ​ Gynostemma Simplicifolium 1825. CJ Blume. ​ IPNI Plant Index system Documented and Index

IPNI List:

Accepted

Gynostemma Simplicifolium

1825.

CJ Blume.

IPNI Plant Index system

Documented and Index

Indexing of Sub-Species:
Gynostemma PeData, Blume, 1825.

TITLE: Bijdragen tot de FLora van Nederlandsch Indie, PAGE: 23, BLUME, 1825.

Description and Index of Species: GYNOSTEMMA. ​ Description and Index of Sub-Species: GYNOSTEMMA PEDATA. ​ 1825, Batavia, BLUME CJ.

Description and Index of Species:

GYNOSTEMMA.

Description and Index of Sub-Species:

GYNOSTEMMA PEDATA.

1825, Batavia, BLUME CJ.

Above, 

Description and Index of Sub-Species:
GYNOSTEMMA PEDATA.

1825, Batavia, BLUME CJ.

- Evidence. A:1

Species of ' Gynostemma Pedatum'.    Date of Specimen:   1819 / 1825  ​  Botanist: Carl Ludwig Blume (1429)    Location of Sample : Java.   ​

Species of ' Gynostemma Pedatum'.

 

Date of Specimen:   1819 / 1825

Botanist: Carl Ludwig Blume (1429)

 

Location of Sample : Java. 

Gynostemma Pedata BLUME

Above, Species Sample A1:

Examination of the Sample:
1429 - Administration Number of BLUME CJ,
Date of Collection: 1819 / 1825,
Collector: BLUME CJ,
Location: Java,
Collected by & in : Herb. Lugd. Batav.

Its very good to see in this given Sample its the 5-star leaf, similair in Gynostemma Pentaphyllum, in fact : Pentaphyllum means: 5-star in Latin.

BLUME CJ, Date of Collection: 1819 / 1825, Collector: BLUME CJ, Location: Java, Collected by & in : Herb. Lugd. Batav.

Above, 

Description and Index of Sub-Species:
GYNOSTEMMA PEDATA.

1825, Batavia, BLUME CJ.


Gynostemma Pentaphyllum VS  Gynostemma Pedata

This I found on the website of the University of Vienna, Austria.
It is a sample of their Botanical Collection, take a good look:

Collection: W 1913 - 0004972

Taxon: Gynostemma Pentaphyllum. Makino.
Collector: Maire, EE. 1910-09
Date: 1910-09
Location: China/ Yunnan.

Revised?


Collection: W 1913 - 0004972 ​ Taxon: Gynostemma Pentaphyllum. Makino. Collector: Maire, EE. 1910-09 Date: 1910-09 Location: China/ Yunnan. ​ Revised? ​ ​ ​
ZOOM - IN: ​ Gynostemma Pedata Bl. ​ Yunnan: Grttes de Pan Long. (or something) ​ Alt.  2500m. ​ September 1910. ​ ​

Collection: W 1913 - 0004972

When we take a look at the leaf

it a 5-star again, That would make

it Gynostemma Pedata, according

to the IPNI Index.

Bioherby_research_Gynostemma_Pedata_inde

ZOOM - IN:

Gynostemma Pedata Bl.

Yunnan: Grottes de Pan Long. 

Alt.  2500m.

September 1910.

I guess the sub-species with the 5-star leaf is not called Gynostemma Pentaphylum Makino but is in fact and in History known as Gynostemma Pedata Blume.

Join our Forum and join the Diskussion!

Bioherby

Another piece of evidence: C

Botanicus:

Carl Ludwig Blume,

 

Indexed AND Documented AND included various Samples:

Species: Gynostemma.

Subspecies: Pedatum.

Year: 1825.

Species of ' Gynostemma Pedatum'.

 

Date of Specimen:   1819 / 1824

Published : 1825.

Botanist: Carl Ludwig Blume ( Admin. Account: 1429)

 

Location of Sample : Java. 

Another piece of evidence: C  Botanicus:  Carl Ludwig Blume,    Indexed AND Documented AND included various Samples:  ​  Species: Gynostemma.  Subspecies: Pedatum.  Year: 1825.  ​  Species of ' Gynostemma Pedatum'.    Date of Specimen:   1819 / 1824  Published : 1825.  ​  Botanist: Carl Ludwig Blume ( Admin. Account: 1429)    Location of Sample : Java.   ​